Vocabulary, memory formation, concept description, and personal connections

Learning vocabulary is a tedious, but necessary, part of learning a language. The belief used to be that just 3000 words was all you needed to adequately understand most things you read in English. But recent research suggests that the number is closer to 8000, with some estimates going as high […]


Expressing Ignorance vs. Certainty

The study of language can be broken down into many areas of interest or fields. Syntax is about how words fit together, most of which we consider grammar rules. Semantics builds on syntax. Semantics focuses (among other things) on the meaning conveyed by the words themselves and word selection, particularly […]

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Hi Jonathan, Today when we were practicing sentences in class, you said that you couldn’t use “cozy” in place of “comfortable”. Why not? This is one of those times when the difference is best felt and understood by checking both words in Google Images. Look for the common things, and […]


Different uses of "so many".

Hi Jonathan, Can you help me understand the use of the phrase “so many” using some other word or phrase? Could you give me some example sentences? There are many bathrooms in the gym, so many people take a shower in the gym after exercising. There were so many guests […]


Understanding had been vs. has been

Hi Jonathan, Here is another sentence from Blinktrainer: “His grandfather has been dead for two years.” If I rewrite this as “His grandfather had been dead for two years,” is the sentence right? And what is the difference between the two sentences? The first sentence is correct. It simply means […]

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What does the dot mean in KK?

One of the confusing things about KK is the ‘.’ under a sound symbol. What does it mean? We learn that words are broken into syllables, and each syllable must have one vowel sound. There are words in English in which we can make a consonant sound immediately after another […]